Wednesday, January 27, 2010

Taman Nasional Meru Betiri

The Area is geographically located at 113058'38 "- 113058'30" BT and 8020'48 "- 8033'48" S, while administratively located in two District of Jember Regency and the Regency of Banyuwangi.

Betiri Meru National Park (Area) which is known as a lowland tropical forest in East Java Province, southern part, has a high biodiversity, including a wealth of flora with a variety of plant species useful as medicines, habitats, fauna and as objects and natural tourist attraction scattered in an area about 58,000 ha, with a land area of 57,155 ha and 845 ha water.

Based on Forestry Ministerial Regulation No. P.03/Menhut-V/2007 dated February 1, 2007 on Organization and Administration of the Park, that the Ranger has the main task of implementing ecosystem management area Conservation Area in the context of natural resources and ecosystem-based regulation laws and regulations. Important values inherent in national parks such as perkonservasian hydrological functions, the potential flora fauna, and the potential of objects and natural tourist attraction, is very beneficial for the interests of community welfare.

Meru Betiri forest area was originally protected forest status as determined by Director Besluit van den Handel van Landbouw Neverheiden namely on July 29, 1931 Number: 7347 / B and Besluit Director Economiche Zaken van 28 April 1938 Number: 5751, then in 1967 This area designated as a candidate nature reserve and the subsequent period of protected forest areas are designated as Wildlife area of 50,000 ha by the Minister of Agriculture Number: 276/Kpts/Um / 6 / 1972 dated June 6, 1972 with the primary purpose of protection against this type of Javan tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica).

Later in the year 1982 based on the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture Number: 529/Kpts/Um/6/1982 dated June 21, 1982 Meru region Betiri Wildlife expanded to 58,000 ha. This expansion includes the Bandealit Plantation and New Sukamade covering 2155 ha, and the protected forest area and the area north of the sea waters along the South Coast area of 845 ha.

In the next development is the issuance of a statement of the Minister of Agriculture Number: 736/Mentan/X/1982 dated October 14, 1982 Meru Wildlife declared candidate Metiri National Park, this statement was issued in conjunction with the National Congress of World III Park in Denpasar, Bali. Appointment Betiri Meru National Park (Area) based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number: 277/Kpts-VI/1997 dated May 23, 1997 covering 58,000 ha, located in two regions of the district of Jember Regency area of 37,585 ha and 20,415 Banyuwangi Ha area.

Betiri Meru National Park (Area) has three distinct ecosystems of mangroves, swamp forest and lowland rain forest.

This national park is the habitat of rare plants Raflesia flower (Rafflesia zollingeriana), and several other plant species such as mangroves (Rhizophora sp.), Api-api (Avicennia sp.), Hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus), nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), Rengas (Gluta renghas), Lagerstroemia (Lagerstroemia speciosa), Pulai (Alstonia scholaris), Bendo (Artocarpus elasticus), and several species of plants drugs.

In addition, Meru National Park has the potential Betiri protected animal which consists of 29 species of mammals and 180 species of birds. These animals include the banteng (Bos javanicus), long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis), leopard (Panthera pardus melas), ajag (Cuon alpinus javanicus), bobcat (Prionailurus bengalensis javanensis), deer (Cervus timorensis), red-tail flying squirrels (Iomys horsfieldii), peacock (Pavo muticus), star fruit turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), and turtle ridel / (Lepidochelys olivacea).

Meru National Park known as a habitat Betiri last tiger stripes Java (Panthera tigris sondaica) are rare and protected. Until now, these animals can never be found again and is estimated to have been extinct. Java striped tiger extinction means the extinction of three species of the eight types of tigers in the world (the Iranian Caspian tiger, the tiger Bali and Java tigers in Indonesia).

This National Park has its own characteristic that is a star fruit turtle habitat, hawksbill, green turtle, and turtle ridel / fission in Sukamade Beach. On the beach was built some simple facilities for breeding turtles to avoid extinction.

Some interesting sites to visit in the Area include Rajegwesi Beach. On the beach, you can perform marine tourism, swimming, observing animals or plants as well as cultural tourism (traditional fishermen). In the meadow Sumbersari, can be seen various animals like sambar, deer, deer. Sukamade beach suitable for camping activities, wind surfing, and observation of flora and fauna, especially the activities that are laying turtles. The forest exploration, maritime tourism, and swimming can be done in Green Bay.

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