Saturday, September 26, 2009

Alas Purwo National Park

Alas Purwo National Park is situated on Blambangan Peninsula in Banyuwangi regency, at the southeastern tip of East Java. The park's name means "first forest", in accordance with a Javanese legend that says the earth first emerged from the ocean here. With an area of 434 km², the park is made up of mangroves, savanna, lowland monsoon forests and coral-fringed beaches. An internationally renowned surf break peels along the edge of the park at Plengkung on Grajagan Bay. Mount Linggamanis (322m) is also located in this national park.

There are some endangered flora, which are protected in this national park, such as:
Terminalia catappa, Calophyllum inophyllum, Sterculia foetida, Barringtonia asiatica and Manilkara kauki.
It is home to some of Java’s
endangered species, such as the Javanese bull (Bos javanicus).
The biggest enemy of the bull is humans.
Poachers set traps outside the park during the dry season to snare bulls wandering outside the park in search of water. The bulls are slaughtered and the meat sold.
Other threatened animal species protected in Alas Purwo include the
dhole (Cuon alpinus), silvered leaf monkey (Presbytis cristata), Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus), junglefowl (Gallus sp.), Olive Ridley, (Lepidochelys olivacea), Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and Green turtle (Chelonia mydas).

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