Saturday, December 19, 2009

benteng Wolio,Buton Island,Sulawesi,Indonesia

Buton island fortress of keratin in southeastern Sulawesi. In the Gulf of Bone, Muna Strait, and the Banda Sea. And, about twelve-hour sea journey from the city of Makassar. And, far to the corners of the island, also extend the old forts, which is proof of the existence, the State Thousand Castle.
Murhum harbor is a major gateway city Bau-Bau, to reach other towns in the island of Buton. Hundreds of people from different areas come and go from this place. Buton island became interesting, certainly related to the past, when the Sultanate of Buton become the controlling power and sovereignty of this region. And, proving the real record of imperial glory, one of whom was Fort Palace Wolio.
La Ode Hafilu is a descendant of one of the Sultan of Buton. He often accompanied the investigators, who intend to obtain data about Wolio Fort Palace, or the traces of the glory of the Sultanate of Buton. Because of that, he was able to Fort Palace tells Wolio uniqueness of the architecture and the meaning it contains. Precisely, related to the teaching of Sufism is held by The Sultans of Buton. Wolio Keraton Fortress built since the reign of Sultan Buton to-III, La Sangaji, in the 15th century. And, construction completed in the reign of Sultan Buton to-VI, La Buke, in the year 1634.
When viewed from above, with the south building as its head, it will form a capital letter, letter to the eight in Arabic alphabet. Or, the last letter the name of the Prophet Muhammad salallahu Allaah be upon him.
Door fort, or extensive, numbering 12, which means the number of holes on the human body. Or, it could also mean the 12 locations chosen by God, to get the land forming Adam 'alaihi salam. Bastion, or faction controls, numbering 16. But, other sources call this number 17, which means the number of cycles in a day of prayer. Option numbers, which relate to the values of Sufism, is also shown Palace Great Mosque. This mosque has 12 doors, has 17 steps, and two additional steps in front of him. Meaning two steps is the sunnah prayers.
Formerly, Castle Palace Wolio became the center of government activity, economic, social, and syiar Islam. Islamic syiar activity occurred, precisely as a form of governance in this region changed from the kingdom into the empire, in the reign of King Buton to-VI, Lakilaponto, who eventually renamed, Sultan Murhum Kaimuddin Khalifatul.
Besides the central government, the castle is also a residential location. This allows, because the castle has a vast land, which is about 400 thousand square meters, and surrounded the fort along the 2740 meters. High castle walls are two to eight meters, and the width of one to two meters. Complete record of the Citadel Palace Wolio and Glory traces the Sultanate of Buton, also can be obtained through the ancient manuscripts, which are stored in the house Mujazi Mulki. He also is one of the descendants of the Sultan of Buton. In fact, his ancestors was a registrar and depository Buton Sultanate manuscript. All the ancient manuscripts are written with arabic letters bald. While the language used is Arabic, Bahasa Melayu, or Wolio language.
Keraton Fortress Wolio also still have the distinctive customs of Buton. Akad-nikah ceremony begins with the procession of the bridegroom, when about to visit the bride's house. The procession of the ceremony, as well as do their ancestors, held at the bride's room. And, in it there is only the bride's parents, preacher, and traditional elders. The whole procession made in Wolio language.
The fort on the island of Buton, was not the only royal palace Wolio. However, tens, tens of other forts, Fort Palace also refute Wolio and escorted Buton Island.
In the town of Bau-Bau own, there are at least seven of the fort. And, dozens of others scattered in various places, including the small islands around the island of Buton. This explanation is to build strong suspicion about the concept of "fortress in the city", like in Germany or France. Differences fort on the island of Buton than two countries, the castles are here only a pile of river stones, the sand and lime together. At that time, there is no cement. While its flagship weapon is a cannon made in Portuguese. Another strength is the imperial soldiers fully supported by the community. Thus, they feel confident, able to face anyone, who intend to take the sovereignty of the Sultanate of Buton.
Sara Wolio Fortress, which became Fort Palace Wolio buffer, could be early evidence of Buton island as Fort Thousand Affairs. Although most of the damage to paint the building, but did not close the kink walls. On the inside, this old castle just keep grass weeds and old tombs. Architecture building itself is much simpler than Wolio Castle Palace.
Viewed from above, its shape is almost rectangular, with four bastions or faction controls in each corner. According to Grace Wong, an archaeologist who often conduct research on the fort, most of the castle on the island of Buton Castle shaped like Sara Wolio. Not achieved a rectangular shape because the shape of the castle adapted to the ground contour. Meanwhile, building materials used at the fortress palace Wolio, ie from river stones and sand and lime mixture.
Fortress Sara Wolio was composed of two buildings. And, they have a connecting door. Like the first Wolio Sara Castle, Castle Sara second Wolio no longer maintained. Quite difficult to find the door, or a cross beam, in this castle. Meanwhile, inside the castle, again showed only grass weeds.
Only about one kilometer from the Fort Palace Wolio, Bau-Bau town also still have the toughness Baadia Castle. One of the dozens of fortress in the City of Thousand Castle. Sara looks like a fortress Wolio. His fate was, just as forts Fort Palace Wolio buffer, untreated and left as if destroyed. In fact, as well as Fort Palace Wolio, small castles, too, part of the glory of the Sultanate of Buton. Furthermore, the fact of a higher civilization in the past, the way presented by the elders in kabanti poems. Namely, an empire that upholds the teachings of Sufism. However, they were intelligent building urban planning, which can avoid the threat of countries that greedy. This is the land of Thousand Castles

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